Restless Leg Syndrome is also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease is a condition that causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs, usually because of an uncomfortable sensation. It typically happens in the evening or nighttime hours when you're sitting or lying down. This unpleasant feeling temporarily goes away if you start moving your leg.
You can face RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome) at any stage of your life as it is not an age-related disease. It highly affects your sleeping pattern because of the unrest at the time of sleep. This way it interrupts your daily activities and leaves a negative effect on your productivity.
This is not something serious and you can deal with it by just taking a few self-care steps in your day. You need to improve your lifestyle as it will leave a big impact. If that is not working for you, you can use medications available for restless leg syndrome after consulting a doctor. A good quality pain relief cream can be beneficial in this case.
Restless Legs Syndrome Symptoms
Mainly, you feel an urge to move your legs and that is the chief symptom. Other common characters of this disease that people feel are given below.
Sensations After Rest
People with this syndrome define that after they have been resting for a long time, they start feeling a sensation in their legs that is one of the restless legs syndrome symptoms. It often starts after you have been lying in the same position for a longer time. This can occur after a long flight, a long drive, or after a movie in the theater.
Movement Relieves the Unrest
When you start moving your leg, it temporarily takes away the sensation and feeling of unrest. So, stretching and moving your legs around vigorously can be an instant relief for restless legs. You can also try pacing and walking.
Worse Condition at Night
The sensation of unrest in your leg increases in the evening and it truly gets you at night time when you have to sleep. You will have restless legs at night, disturbing your circadian rhythm.
Twitching in Leg
Your leg feels twitching at night as it can be connected to another syndrome called periodic limb movement disorder. This movement occurs in sleep and causes the leg to kick or twitch involuntarily.
How is the Restless Feeling Defined?
Commonly, the people with restless leg syndrome define it as an unpleasant sensation of unrest in their leg and feet. Most of the times it happens in both legs but sometimes only one is affected. Rarely, it also affects your arms and leads to restless body syndrome.
People describe the sensation to be in the limbs, not on the skin, it feels like a throbbing and pulling sensation inside your limbs. There is an itching, creeping, and pulling sensation that feels like a slight electric shock passing through the muscles. This creeping, and throbbing feeling causes unrest and interferes with sleep.
Where does restless leg syndrome come from?
You must be aware of what triggers restless leg syndrome. This is the most common question asked about this disease. Researches show that a chemical called dopamine is released too much or too less and causes the muscles to lose control. That is when this sensation is started. So here is the answer to what causes restless leg syndrome?
Restless leg syndrome symptoms can be transferred from one generation to the next. It usually runs in the family especially if you get it before the age of 40. The genes for this syndrome are present on a specific chromosome and its location has been identified.
It is very common that hormonal changes occur after a lady is pregnant. If a woman has restless leg syndrome, the symptoms will become worse during pregnancy. Although, after delivery, the problem will vanish.
If you have a long term medical condition, there is a chance that you will suffer from Restless leg syndrome along with that. It is related to Parkinson's disease, renal failure, iron deficiency, and diabetes.
If a person is on strong medications due to some illness, it can lead to restless leg syndrome. It is related to allergy medications, anti-nausea medications, and antidepressants.
If your sleep cycle is disturbed, it can lead to RLS. The symptoms can worsen if you consume unhealthy ingredients like caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco.